pemahaman tentang profesi arsitek

20Sep10

Apakah arsitektur dan profesi arsitek dianggap penting di negeri ini? Katanya, arsitek adalah pembela kebudayaan. Kalau semangat ini benar adanya, mengapa tidak ternyatakan dalam kehidupan sehari-hari? Para arsitek melalui asosiasi profesinya Ikatan Arsitek Indonesia sudah sejak lama masih merasa perlu bersuara lantang agar profesi ini lebih diperhatikan. Perannya di Indonesia mungkin lebih dibutuhkan untuk menjawab tantangan sosial-ekonomi daripada kelaziman berkarya hanya untuk estetika dan komposisi ruang. Berikut ini adalah pemahaman tentang profesi dan praktik arsitek, yang pada kenyataannya kita masih punya masalah didalamnya, walaupun asosiasinya sudah berumur 51 tahun ..

Pemahaman tentang profesi

  • University-level education in a special area of knowledge that is central to the profession being discussed;
  • Internship and supervised entry-level performance in order to master application of that knowledge in practice;
  • Knowledge and practices that require the unique exercise of learned judgment for each new situation (rather than applied technical knowledge);
  • Establishment of disciplinary identity and uniqueness of the professional group through the establishment of professional organizations, journals, systems of education, and standards for licensing;
  • Autonomy, earned by the profession and recognized and granted by society through state licensing, in defining and mastering the knowledge and practice of the profession, resulting in self-policing with regard to the standards of practice and ethical conduct;
  • Having the knowledge and expertise necessary for the well-being of persons in society.

(Wasserman, Ethics and the Practice of Architecture, 2000)

An occupation, especially one requiring advanced education and special training (the law, architecture, medicine)

(Reader’s Dictionary)

A vocation based on long, specialized intellectual training that enables a particular service to be rendered. Professions generally represent a high degree of creative thought and are thus distinguished from vocations calling for technical skill alone.

(The American People’s Encyclopedia)

Beberapa pengertian tentang Arsitek dan Praktik Arsitektur

U I A

The designation “architect” is generally reserved by law or custom to a person who is professionally and academically qualified and generally registered/ licensed/certified to practice architecture in the jurisdiction in which he or she practices and is responsible for advocating the fair and sustainable development, welfare, and the cultural expression of society’s habitat in terms of space, forms, and historical context.

The practice of architecture consists of the provision of professional services in connection with town planning and the design, construction, enlargement, conservation, restoration, or alteration of a building or group of buildings. These professional services include, but are not limited to, planning and land-use planning, urban design, provision of preliminary studies, designs, models, drawings, specifications and technical documentation, coordination of technical documentation prepared by others (consulting engineers, urban planners, landscape architects and other specialist consultants) as appropriate and without limitation, construction economics, contract administration, monitoring of construction (referred to as “supervision” in some countries), and project management.

ASEAN MRA on Architectural Services

Architect refers to a natural person who holds the nationality of an ASEAN Member Country and is assessed by a Professional Regulatory Authority (PRA) of any participating ASEAN Member Country as being technically, morally, and legally qualified to undertake professional practice of architectural and is registered and licensed for such practice by the Professional Regulatory Authority (PRA).

Practice of Architecture refers to the provision of architectural services in connection with urban planning and the design, construction, conservation, restoration or alteration of a building or group of buildings. Subject to the host country’s domestic regulations, these professional services include, but are not limited to, planning and land-use planning, urban design, provision of preliminary studies, designs, models, drawings, specifications and technical documentation, coordination of technical documentation prepared by others (consulting engineers, urban planners, landscape architects and other specialist consultants) as appropriate and without limitation, construction economics, contract administration, monitoring and supervision of construction and project management;

I A I

Arsitek adalah sebutan ahli yang mampu melakukan peran dalam proses kreatif menuju terwujudnya tata-ruang dan tata-masa guna memenuhi tata kehidupan masyarakat dan lingkungannya, yang mempunyai latar belakang atau dasar pendidikan tinggi arsitektur dan atau yang setara, mempunyai kompetensi yang diakui dan sesuai dengan ketetapan organisasi, serta melakukan praktek profesi arsitek.

RUU Arsitek

Arsitek adalah seorang lulusan pendidikan tinggi arsitektur di dalam maupun di luar negeri yang diakui oleh Pemerintah Republik Indonesia yang memiliki sertifikat keahlian dan dinyatakan kompeten berpraktik dalam bidang arsitektur serta memenuhi persyaratan berdasarkan ketentuan Undang-Undang ini.



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